I loved this!! Become a member of the Zeilinger Wool Company Family today! Our prices are competitive with mills across the country … and we get your processed fiber to you in a timely fashion! Follow Robin as she teaches you how to wash wool. Various camels, goats, and rabbits produce hair that is also classified as wool. Share it with us! Spin Off feeds our deep curiosity about the art and craft of making yarn. Then remove excess water from the wool and place the wool into the dye solution; and carefully poke it with a wooden spoon and let it set in this mixture for fifteen minutes. The lanolin and other contaminants are removed from the raw wool before further processing. At Central Virginia Fiber Mill our goal is to create high end fiber products which reflect the fine quality of your fleeces. Cleaned raw wool sells for about $25 a pound. And it is so easy—half the work is already done. Frankenmuth Woolen Mill is a Midwestern mill since 1894. Repeat again for 2 more minutes. When the water is fairly clear, gently remove the wool from the pot and place it into a bowl to cool. While the wool is soaking, set up the work station and add 1/4 teaspoon of coloring to a small amount of hot distilled water and stir. 2. We offer custom wool processing along with organic wool bedding, wool roving and wool batting. Today, it is the last remaining woollen mill in Australia that’s still in full operation from raw wool to finished product. I shook all the wool out by hand; the best I could and then placed the wool on top of the skirting table and separated the wool pieces to allow the grass and seed particles to fall from the table as I shook it. I actually did it for an extra 2 minutes as well, because some people mentioned to microwave it for 5 minutes, I was a little afraid to microwave it that long so I heated it in increments to be on the safe side with a pause in-between and it worked. The processing of a raw wool fleece into weaving yarn is routine among the Navajo shepherds and weavers, or at least it once was. Did you make this project? Because there are so many options and paths for fiber to take within the mill, we have broken each process out. Sourced wool is the term given to greasy wool that has been washed to remove contaminants, such as dirt, dust, sweat (suint) and wool … There are many methods used for washing wool, depending on the type of wool you’re washing, the water you’re using, the space you have, and the quantity of raw wool … The first step in processing wool takes place on the farm or ranch with shearing, usually in the springtime. The quality of wool you start the process with greatly effects the yarn you will have at the end. The characteristics of spun yarn depend, in part, on the amount of twist given to the fibers during spinning. Processing the wool for cleaning is best done outdoors in the sunshine on a very warm day. Zeilinger Wool Company located in Michigan provides fiber processing of many fiber types and wool products including socks, yarns, batting and roving for over 100 years. Add to the pre-soaking water, Plastic wrap,or zip lock bags, microwave safe glass jars or bowls, Plastic table cloth to protect work surface. After using them, I am satisfied with the results for what I am using this batch for, although if the item you will be making, will be washed often, I would suggest a dye designed specifically for wool. After the wool has cooled, gently rinse the wool in room temperature water to remove the soap residue and any left over dye that was not absorbed. Scouring cleans the wool and removes the lanolin by raking it in baths of hot water, detergent and alkali. From instructions on how to properly wash wool to how to flick, hand-, and drumcard wool to how to use minicombs, this free eBook should make the process of preparing raw wool for spinning easy and fun for beginners like me, as well as more experienced spinners looking for tips. Skirting a fleece Please see our Blending Fibers page for more information. In addition to fiber processing, we offer a wide variety of fiber (raw, washed, processed, dyed), sheep and angora pelts , and yarns . Just like the difference between handspun and millspun yarn, garden tomatoes and store-bought tomatoes, there is a difference when the processing is done by hand. Raw merino wool before cleaning and processing. Getting the raw wool squeaky clean and not felting it in the process is a challenging part of the wool processing journey. If you heat the water lower than boiling it will reduce the possibility of the wool felting while it is in the hot water. Contact us for an estimated time to expect your finished items. A skillful shearer, using electric hand clippers similar to enlarged barber’s shears, uses long, smooth strokes close to the skin in order to preserve the length of the fiber and hence the value of the fleece. My son's aunt raises sheep and I was able to get a large bag of recently sheared wool from her. We have tried to provide guidance for you to understand the processes and associated operations available at Vermont Fiber Mill to determine the best output for your fiber. Wool scouring is the only operation, other than carbonising, which is unique to the early stage processing of wool fibre. It all starts with sourcing high quality wool from Wool hand carders handle a wide range of fiber types and diameters. While most people picture only sheep when they think of wool, other animals also produce fine protein fiber. While there are certainly numerous other posts on the topic (you can find links to some of our favorites at the end of the blog post) we often get questions and we like to share tips when we can. Our wool has very low level of crimps. Pakistan Fibres collects and process the best quality of wool form the sheep across the country. Repeat again for 2 more minutes. A rough estimate is courser wool is 140 degrees F and finer wool is 160 degrees F. Skirting table or a place to dry the wool, old towels to aide in removing excess water if you don't have a screen or skirting table. :) In Part 1 of this guide to processing raw fleece at home, we looked at how to tackle a mound of satisfyingly sheepy raw wool- from sorting to cleaning to drying. We spent a few hours on this step, until the water was clear and the wool was clean and the soap removed. Any second cuts left after shearing should be removed as you skirt your fleeces. I am looking forward to making some interesting wool creations with my carded wool. I will certainly make an instructables about the process when I make it. We are pleased to be the first mill located in Virginia processing exotic fibers such as … Rub the wool with your hands to wash it thoroughly. We understand that all this pricing can be overwhelming so we’ve also provid… Please notice I dyed several batches of wool using this method, hence the green, blue, and orange food coloring. It also maximizes your fiber processing investment dollars. Carding is a mechanical process that disentangles, cleans and intermixes fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing. Steps to Obtain Wool … Plastic table cloth to protect work surface. Submerge your wool. This has been a rewarding experience and I have been researching more about the subject of processing and spinning wool and will be purchasing more pelts of different types for my projects, and learn how to spin yarn. SCOURING Scouring or washing is the first mechanical process that raw wool goes through and its purpose is to remove the dirt, grease and other impurities from the fibres. Processing raw fleece takes a lot of time, but it’s time well spent. (As in light and fluffy.) Today, wool is a global industry, with Australia, Argentina, the United States, and New Zealand serving as the major suppliers of raw wool. They were adequate for learning how to card but I intend on purchasing carding brushes in the near future because, they are larger and designed to perform well and will save me time in the long run. Each wool fiber absorbs dyes so deeply that dyeing at any processing stage is equally effective and durable. Reply You need enough water to cover the wool. In order for wool production to be sustainable, however, there needs to be a wool-processing facility and textile mill, so that raw materials can have value added. Spread the clean wool on the skirting table and fluff and cover with a sheet using clothes pins to secure. Harvesting wool. Follow through and I will share how . Belly, neck and hind (britch) fiber should also be removed. Each wool fiber absorbs dyes so deeply that dyeing at any processing stage is equally effective and durable. What is the Process of Felting?. Many folks are curious about the details of this procedure. Take the empty brush and lightly brush over the wool as if you are brushing a babies hair, in a lifting motion. Remove the wool when it is completely dry and put it in secure containers and store until use. The methods used are traditional, based on the ‘English System’ from Bradford, using Gills and Flyers as developed by Prince-Smith & Stells of Keighley during the first half of the last century. This blend then undergoes a scouring process, whereby the wool is washed in warm water through a series of baths. On completion of this topic you should be able to: describe the nature of the main contaminants of raw wool; Calls for Submissions and Editorial Calendar, Address: 311 S College Ave, Fort Collins, CO, 80524. I made mistakes along the the way as a beginner, but I feel I did learn a few things and will continue to learn new techniques as I work with it and gain more knowledge and experience. Salt has been recommended for a better overall color. Wool dyed immediately after it … New spinners often find using hand carders for large projects to be a tedious task. You can do this with raw wool fiber, washed fiber, carded batts, or processed wool roving and sliver.. So with that in mind I decided not to use commercial dyes, and try food coloring and Kool-aid even though, some professionals have mentioned that they fade more easily and are more difficult to achieve the desired colors. We also raise registered white and colored Angora goats , registered … Salt has been recommended for a better overall color. 3 years ago. We enjoy working with fiber producers to design yarn particular to their unique fleece and fiber considerations. Fluff and turn the wool a few times to rotate it so it will dry. Flick carding wool can be the first step of hand carding. Hair conditioner ( as wool softener if desired ). Follow Robin’s carding instructions and learn how to adjust your drumcarder, maintain it, and eventually make processing wool as much part of the journey as the spinning and knitting. There are many methods used for washing wool, depending on the type of wool you’re washing, the water you’re using, the space you have, and the quantity of raw wool you need to wash. By Carol Huebscher Rhoades We love working with Canadian farmers to procure the best natural wool and create a variety of yarn for our customers. Customized Fiber and Fleece Processing With exceptional care and attention to detail, we turn your raw fiber into roving, yarn and thread that is the finest quality and consistency possible. Processing raw wool can be a costly process. Hopefully now you’ve got a big pile of clean, dry fleece, probably including bits of dried up grass and stuff, but generally looking a better for having had a good wash. Next come the buyers. A flick carder looks like a small flat-back hand carder with a small surface for the carding cloth and a slightly longer handle than that of a handcard. There are many methods used for washing wool, depending on the type of wool you’re washing, the water you’re using, the space you have, and the quantity of raw wool you need to wash. … I used it for the wool in this instructable. Raw wool scouring removes contaminants from greasy wool in preparation for further processing. Remove the wool from the microwave and using gloves gently squeeze the colored water from the wool and place the wool in a towel to absorb the remaining liquid and press. A fairly high degree of twist p… During processing, wool fiber requires water and energy to process the raw fiber into textiles and even more water will be required during the consumer use phase for wool garments (Henry 2012). Scoured Wool. Plastic wrap,or zip lock bags, microwave safe glass jars or bowls Wooden spoon. Timing will be important because the wool should be added before the temperature of the pot is warmer than the wool, otherwise the wool may felt right up. I dipped a ladle into the stock pot and poured the hot water into a cup and added the food coloring and mixed it thoroughly.Then I added the coloring to the stock pot, with 1 cup vinegar and salt (if you want to try) approximately 1/4 cup. Raw Wool Processing. Our produced wool has the capacity … Greasy wool is sometimes called 'raw' wool. ... Transform your raw fiber into something spectacular. I will use a natural soap for the birds when I make their projects. We purchased a high quality officers wool blanket three years ago and paid 60 dollars for a brand new one. However, combing wool with large wool combs can be very expensive. The only difference is the method of heating is in the microwave instead of the stove top and the application of the dye was placed into bowls and microwaved 3 times, and the bowls were heated in the microwave at two minute intervals one bowl at a time. You can tell when the wool has absorbed all the color when the water is clear or pale in color. This wool is used in the best of the Home and Fashion textiles all around the world. While the United States is the largest consumer of wool fabric, Australia is the leading supplier. I also recently became interested in wool but bc I wanted to learn to felt. Dyed wool roving typically demands a price of at least $5 for only a few ounces. Fill the wash and rinse buckets and tubs with very hot water. Waverley Mills has been producing high-quality wool textiles since 1874, and whilst it may be considered young compared with its British counterparts, it was a pioneer of textile manufacturing in Australia. Bring in or send your old wool-filled comforter, mattress topper or pillow and we'll re-card the wool, putting a new covering on so that it's ready to use for another 10-20-30 years! If in doubt please do check online and make your decision for dyeing wool based on your own research. Remove the wool from the pre-soak water and very gently squeeze ( do not wring) out the water from the wool. Then place the bowls in the microwave for 2 minutes on high. Breed matters. After the wool has cooled completely it was rinsed in vinegar water to remove soap residue several times. This fleece must be cleaned before it can be processed into wool yarn. I wanted to gain some experience working with raw wool before I invested a lot of money into it, so two years ago I purchased several large bags of raw wool fleece of various kinds and paid $20.00 for them at a wool processing plant. Well, the sheep has that same issue, so that has to be removed, and there’s a high production washing process by a wool scour. Don't work with woolen fibers without this free processing wool tutorial by your side! Before dyeing or carding the wool, stretch the wool between your fingers and separate it to remove the clumps. 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