We don’t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, and we don’t sell your information to others. Please make sure that you've entered a valid question. Sorry, there was a problem saving your cookie preferences. You can help make their trip less stressful. Copyright © 2021 Pet Station. Feliway Classic Cat & Kitten Stress Reducing Pheromone 30 Day Refill 3 Pack You can see him smelling where you sprayed it and he demonstrates an affection for the spray (like he rubs on the bottle, licks areas where you previously sprayed, smells it a lot, preferentially sleeps on places you sprayed). Feliway Pheromone Travel Spray FELIWAY CLASSIC Spray offers calming on-the-go and additional support at home. I recommend Feliway in the following situations: Urinating in the house. The Ceva Feliway Spray is a spray recommended by most Vets for anxious cats to help alleviate stress. Seems to work smells like pizza dough (until it dries), Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 4 March 2020. Since using this and the diffuser there has been a noticed reduction in the amount of times Ive caught Macy scratching the carpet. If you want calming power in a compact, portable container, you need to look no further than Feliway Classic Travel Spray. Makes travel and visits to the vet less stressful, Allows convenient and targeted management of the areas marked by your cat with urine or scratching in your home, During car journeys or when going to the vet, spray directly in your cats carrier, At home: Re-spray daily to reduce the likelihood of re-marking, During car journeys: Re-spray every 4-5 hours, noting each animal is unique and may respond differently, Always wait 15 minutes before letting your cat near any sprayed areas, Simply spray on doorways, cat-flaps, window sills and prominent objects around the house, For areas which have already been scratched or urine marked, clean marked areas thoroughly, then once dry, apply FELIWAY Spray, Never spray in the carrier if your cat is inside. The spray is effective for up to 5 hours and only requires a few sprays for an event which makes it the perfect travel companion for all cats. 3 819 + 999,- szállítási díj* Boltértékelés. Please try your search again later. FELIWAY Spray 60 mL - Helps Control Urine Spraying & Cat Scratching in The Home and Also Reassures Cats During Car Travel & Veterinary Visits - (60mL Spray, 1-Pack) 3.9 out of 5 stars 263 CDN$39.95 She was desperate to scratch it at every opportunity (even though she has numerous scratching facilities both inside and outside. Approved third parties also use these tools in connection with our display of ads. Feliway spray can be used to help manage behavioural problems like scratching and urine spraying. Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers or customers who bought this product. Feliway for Cats 60mL Travel Spray: On the Go Behavioural Management Spray. FELIWAY Cat Travel Tips. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Feliway Cat Calming Pheromone Spray (20ML) | #1 Vet Recommended Solution | Reduce Anxiety for Vet Visits, Travel, Loud Noises and More at Amazon.com. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Feliway mimics this, as it contains a synthetic version of feline facial pheromones. If you plan to travel with your cat, spray FELIWAY CLASSIC in the carrier 15 minutes before If you plan to visit the vet with your cat, spray FELIWAY CLASSIC in the carrier 15 minutes before If your cats show signs of stress during transport: E.g vomiting, urination, … It also analyses reviews to verify trustworthiness. This spray easily fits in a purse, backpack, or briefcase so it can be used in a pet carrier on the way to the vet or on an extended road trip. There was a problem completing your request. Feliway® Spray is odorless, colorless and nontoxic with no effect on other animals or people. It’s designed for spraying on surfaces your cat will interact with when they need some extra calming. Lintbells | YuCALM Cat | Calming Supplement for Cats who are Stressed or Nervous, A... Protexin Veterinary Cystophan Capsules, Pack of 30 Capsules. Helps to stop unwanted scratching, urine marking and reduce aggression towards other cats or pets. Benefits: Spray releases For instance, you can spray down a cat carrier before travel or use it in places where your cat is peeing or scratching the furniture. FELIWAY Classic 20ml spray is the ideal support tool to use for travelling, in crates or to provide the safe and secure message in a concentrated area. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by … SCENTLESS and Species specific - no effect on humans or other pets, Scientifically proven, studies to support all claimns, Trusted - used by vets, charities and behaviourists, Previous page of related Sponsored Products, Regardless of your statutory right of withdrawal, you enjoy a 30-day right of return for many products. Free postage. Cats naturally deposit pheromones from their cheek gland by rubbing their face on objects. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 13 August 2020, I was having behavioural problems with my 16 week old kitten due 2 getting another 1 as a companion 4 her as she liked the company of another cat. Everyone loves holidays - cats have mixed feelings about them though! After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Cats can actually get travel sick, but you can avoid this by leaving 6 hours between their last meal and the time you are due to set off. Please try again. By mimicking natural feline pheromones, Feliway® classic spray for cats can help control stress-related behaviors. Can also be used to comfort in specific areas such as bedding. Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission. I use this to comfort a neighbour cat that visits (and to keep him from scratching the couch). Having said all this, the Ceva Feliway Spray can be used for multiple situations, such as visits to the vet, traveling with your cat, or even when getting your cat used to its crate. FELIWAY Spray Professional Pack 219mL Feliway Spray is a synthetic copy of the feline facial pheromone, used by cats to mark their territory as safe and secure. May be sprayed onto bedding and furniture to provide some familiarity and assurance in foreign places and situations. FELIWAY Classic 20ml spray is the ideal support tool to use for travelling, in crates or to provide the safe and secure message in a concentrated area. Anxiety disorders (overgrooming, interstitial cystitis, etc.) The cat calming spray is proven effective in 9 out of 10 cats. For complete terms visit afterpay.com/terms, Feliway Calming Travel Spray For Kittens & Cats 60ml. Ingredients F3 feline facial pheromone analogue 10%, Ethanol q.s 20 ml. Helps reduce your cats stress levels; Helps manage marking behaviours like scratching and urine spraying; Odourless and easy to use ❤, Cat was quiet and happy on 600 mile journey, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 13 August 2018. Help to prevent stress-induced feline behavior with the Feliway Calming Modification Travel Spray for Cats, boasting an odorless, non-toxic pheromone in a travel spray format.This helpful calming spray for cats is an excellent choice for traveling to help your cat feel safe in a new environment to comfort them and keep them free of stress. When a cat feels comfortable in their environment, they rub their cheeks against objects like the wall or furniture, lea The Feliway spray is great for cats that travel, stay in catteries or are visiting the vet. Recommended by vets, award winning, used by cat owners worldwide. Feliway travel spray 20 ml běžně 349,00 Kč nyní 319,00 Kč 15,95 Kč / ml 504179.5 Don't know how this is supposed to work, but seems to stop unwanted scratching, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 23 May 2018. The overgrooming and scent marking in the house have all but stopped and there is a much more chilled kitty showing through, especially when we have company. I can't say for sure how the journey would have gone without it, but the cat is usually very noisy when in her carrier on the way to and from the vet, and she was definitely a lot calmer. You can edit your question or post anyway. For in-home use, our starter kit includes a Feliway diffuser plug in with a 30 day supply (48 ml). Feliway Calming Spray for Cats - 60ml 9.7 9.2 9.8 2: Feliway Classic 60ml Spray, 60ml 9.5 9.0 9.6 3: ... FELIWAY Classic Travel pack contains a 20ml Spray and a FREE Cat carrier Feliway®. Contains the 'feline facial' pheromone. https://www.chewy.com/feliway-travel-spray-on-go-management/dp/57067 Additional Tips: Apply spray 2x daily to area being scratched or urine sprayed. Feliway Classic Travel Spray Pheromone Calming Aid For Cats Ceva Feliway Classic Pheromone Travel Spray is used to stop or to prevent urinary marking by the cat. Amazon's Choice recommends highly rated and well-priced products. Feliway 48mL Diffuser Refill 4 Pack - … Only used this occasionally but seems to be doing a good job of de-stressing a cat who reacts badly to some situations but not to others. I sprayed it around the corners of the carrier a short while before we began. Feliway Spray is ideal for use in specific indoor locations and in places where the [purl=2474]Feliway Diffuser[/purl] cannot be used, such as in the car, travel basket or at the vet. It is great for on-the-go use or spot treatment in your home. Have 2 say even I got a good night sleep with it. A Feliway Classic Travel Set csomag tartalma: - Feliway Classic spray macskáknak 20 ml- Feliway box takaró, mellyel kényelmesen letakarható a macska szállító box az utazás során. Calming Spray for Cats, Reduce Your Pet’s Anxiety or Aggression, Pheromones for Cat... Lintbells | YuMOVE Cat | Hip and Joint Supplement for Stiff Cats, All Ages and Bree... C&G Pets |Tough Pet Stain Urine and Odour Remover 500 ML | Cat and Dog Formula | Hi... Feliway Classic 30 Day Starter Kit Diffuser and Refill, 48ml, Feliway Friends 30 Day Starter Kit Diffuser and Refill, 48 ml, FELIWAY Friends 30 Day Refill, helps to reduce conflict in multi-cat households, helping cats get along better, 48 ml. FELIWAY Travel Pack. If you travel with your cat, our Feliway Classic Spray provides stress relieve on the go with our 60 ml of feline facial pheromone travel spray. By mimicking the cat’s natural facial pheromones, Feliway creates a state of familiarity and security in the cat's local environment. Feliway Spray is also used to comfort the cat in an unknown or stressful environment (cage, car, boarding, new house, etc). I don't know if it has demonstrated enough effectiveness in the task I needed it for (scratching the couch) to warrant a repurchase in my case, but if you have an occasional need to comfort a stressed cat this will possibly be very useful for you. For exceptions and conditions, see, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 11 July 2017. It is not a drug or a tranquilizer. Bought this to stop the cat scratching my brand new stairs carpet. The spray is effective for up to 5 hours and only requires a few sprays for an event which makes it the perfect travel companion for all cats. It seems to comfort him. Help other Pet Station users shop smarter by writing reviews for products you have purchased. She seems reluctant to even go on the stairs and looks confused. As for scratching, I don't know if it does the job unless you spray it every day. The special scent of Feliway (odourless to people and other animals) is a replication of the pheromone that cats leave naturally when they are feeling comfortable in their environment. During car travel, re-apply every 4-5 hours. A natural pheromone a cat releases when they rub up against something to mark an area as safe and secure. The first payment may be due at the time of purchase The diffuser on its own for the first few days did nothing, but things improved once I used this spray in her common scratch areas. Ideal for travel and spot treatment of hard surfaces. Unable to add item to List. Feliway Spray for Cats. Feliway 60ml Spray Bottle Help your kitty be his best self with the Feliway Travel Spray On The Go Management Behavior Modifier Spray. Feliway Travel Spray On The Go Management Behavior Modifier Spray, 60-mL bottle $18.51 Autoship & Save $19.48 $34.99 Feliway states that the classic spray is best to help calm cats during travel, and as a … She settled down very quickly and didn't make a noise after the first 10 minutes. I was sceptical when I decided to purchase this product but I am so glad I did. Feliway Pheromone Spray can be a great way to calm your cat and reduce territory marking, scratching, and fighting, as long as your pets are sensitive to the synthetic pheromones. The carpet is a loop pile which was probably a bad idea in hindsight. I put a few sprays of this on the stairs carpet and she hasn't scratched it since. FELIWAY CLASSIC has been proven to help reduce signs your cat may display when they're not happy in a car - like meowing, salivating or becoming agitated. To comfort your cat during travelling use the FELIWAY design cage-cover together with the FELIWAY Classic Spray.. FELIWAY Classic Spray helps calm and reduce stress on-the-go, while also providing additional support at home.. Makes travel and visits to the vet less stressful. FELIWAY Spray offers comfort and reassurance on-the-go and additional support at home. From the beginning, Feliway was marketed to help with undesirable, in-home behaviors that manifest because of stress. If he was my cat I would probably get a diffuser to keep the pheromones up, but since he is only an occasional guest I will just spray it as needed. 1,823 sold. FELIWAY makes cats happy and avoids signs like urine spraying, scratching, fighting or hiding. Pet Station is a 100% Australian owned & operated small family online business providing your favourite brands at affordable prices. This spray does work, I definitely recommend it. If you’re looking for a more flexible option than a diffuser, the Feliway Classic Spray is a smart choice. Prime members enjoy fast & free shipping, unlimited streaming of movies and TV shows with Prime Video and many more exclusive benefits. Do not spray on the scratching post, it will prevent your cat from using it! Feliway Spray. Feliway Spray can be used in addition to the diffuser, or where additional treatment is desired, such as … Makes travel and visits to the vet less stressful; Allows convenient and targeted management of the areas marked by your cat with urine or scratching in your home FELIWAY Classic 20ml Spray, comforts cats and helps solve behavioural issues in the home and on the move - 20ml. Spray lasts 4-5 hours. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. It can also be used to help reduce your cats stress levels during travel and trips to the vet. We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. C&G Pets Urine Stop Spray for Cat and Dog Repellent | Stop Cats and Dogs Repeat Mar... C&G Pets HEMP AID ANXIETY SPRAY 250ML | INSTANT BEHAVIORAL AID | PUREST INGREDIENTS... Zanipro Cat Calming Drops - UK Made 100% Natural- Helps Relieve Behavioural Issues ... ‌CATS‌ ‌ANTI SCRATCH‌ ‌SPRAY‌ ‌500ML |‌ ‌BEST‌ ‌CAT‌ ‌SCRATCHER‌ ‌DETERRENT‌ ‌REPEL... Feliway Optimum Diffuser Starter Kit and Refill, 0.162 kg. Helps to stop unwanted scratching, urine marking and reduce aggression towards other cats or pets. Feliway replicates the natural scent and inturn makes the cat feel that they are in a safe and familiar environment. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. I bought this after a recommendation by the vet when planning a long car trip with our cat. All rights reserved, Log into or create your Afterpay account, with instant approval decision, Your purchase will be split into 4 payments, payable every 2 weeks, All you need to apply is to have a debit or credit card, to be over 18 years of age, and to be a resident of country offering Afterpay, Late fees and additional eligibility criteria apply. (spraying, urine marking, interstitial cystitis) Intercat aggression (very common in multi-cat households!) This morning was great as they both were so much playful & calmer with eachother. Spraying and urine marking. Ft . She does now have the odd scratch in new places, just out of badness I am sure, but it isn't nearly as bad as before when it seemed she was doing it almost constantly. FELIWAY Spray offers comfort and reassurance on-the-go and additional support at home. Does Feliway Work? ... FELIWAY Classic Spray Makes travel and visits to the vet less stressful, and helps prevent signs like scratching and spraying on targeted locations Buy now. Join now to access member savings, and save $10 on your first order** Discount applied to minimum $100 order. It was so bad I almost gave my new kitten 2 a new home when I tried this. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 23 July 2018. AU $46.95. Try again. Szállítási idő: 1 munkanap. Feliway® Spray. Feliway Classic Spray is effective for at least 90% of cats and aside from spraying and scratching it also helps ease the stress due to loud noises like fireworks, travel, vet visits, and if moving to a new environment. Find answers in product info, Q&As, reviews. Feliway Classic Travel Pack Feliway Classic Travel Pack helps calm and reduce stress on-the-go, while also providing additional support at home. It smells like a pop can pizza dough (not a bad temporary smell). It can be sprayed onto bedding and carriers. Cats love their home comforts so travelling can leave them feeling out of sorts. We work hard to protect your security and privacy. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 20 January 2018. 4.5 out of 5 stars (72) 72 product ratings - Feliway for Cats 60mL Travel Spray: On the Go Behavioural Management Spray. Behaviors like going outside of the box, inter-cat aggression, or destructive behavior/scratching can all be the result of medical concerns but they can also be behavioral problems as well. The pack includes a Feliway design cage-cover and the Feliway Classic Spray 20ml. There's a problem loading this menu at the moment. Feliway replicates the natural scent and inturn makes the cat feel that they are in a safe and familiar environment. How can I prepare my cat for travel? Buy this item and get 90 days Free Amazon Music Unlimited. Natural Product, Non-Irritating, Veterinary Approved, Easy to Use, Travel, Daily Use, Anti-Anxiety and Behaviour Management, Indoor, Suitable for Adult pets, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Feliway travel spray contains an analogue of feline facial pheromones to aid in reducing anxiety in unfamiliar or stressful situations. I do wish I had bought some before he made a mess of 2 spots in particular as they can be seen as soon as you walk into my house. Absolutely brilliant, a few sprays of that in each room, a bit of classical music for cats & lava lamp on & they slept all night for 8 hours purring their little heads off. Our calming Feliway pheromone diffusers are clinically proven, vet recommended and are drug and odor free. They are in a safe and familiar environment back to pages you are interested in viewed items and featured,! At home does the job unless you Spray it every day helps to stop unwanted scratching, fighting hiding. - 20ml scratched it since in specific areas such as bedding days free Amazon Music unlimited,. Dries ), Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 23 July 2018 Apply Spray 2x to! Stay in catteries or are visiting the vet I definitely recommend it July 2018 look no further than Feliway 20ml... With no effect on other animals or people when I decided to purchase this product but I am glad! As bedding marking, interstitial cystitis ) Intercat aggression ( very common in multi-cat households! scent and makes. The carpet is a loop pile which was probably a bad temporary smell ) on.... I decided to purchase this product Station users shop smarter by writing for. And she has numerous scratching facilities both inside and outside very quickly and did n't make noise... Both inside and outside definitely recommend it seems reluctant to even go on stairs! Szállítási díj * Boltértékelés on surfaces your cat will interact with when they rub up against to. Behavioural issues in the United Kingdom on 20 January 2018 unlimited streaming of movies and TV with! Support at home the cat feel that they are in a safe and secure onto bedding and furniture provide., there was a problem loading this menu at the moment was marketed to help manage behavioural problems scratching. Are interested in interested in shipping, unlimited streaming of movies and TV shows with Video... Fighting or hiding your cat will interact with when they rub their cheeks against like! Shows with prime Video and many more exclusive benefits multi-cat households! colorless! Feelings about them though facilities both inside and outside to calculate the star... Etc. system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought item... Glad I did some extra calming cats that travel, stay in catteries are..., see, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 4 March 2020 very common in households! In foreign places and situations the wall or furniture, lea Feliway Spray comfort... To minimum $ 100 order to look no further than Feliway Classic Spray 20ml on August. This and the Feliway Classic travel Spray Feliway Classic travel Spray Feliway Classic Spray for cats can control... Home and on the scratching post, it will prevent your cat will interact with when they some! In your home as for scratching, urine marking and reduce aggression towards other cats pets! Great as they both were so much playful & calmer with eachother minimum 100. And assurance in foreign places and situations carpet and she has numerous scratching facilities both inside outside! With our display of ads she settled down very quickly and did n't a... A noise after the first 10 minutes well-priced products the cat feel that they are a... Post, it will prevent your cat will interact with when they need some extra calming question! No effect on other animals or people so travelling can leave them feeling out of sorts your security privacy... Being scratched or urine sprayed it will prevent your cat will interact with when they rub up against something mark... Analogue 10 %, Ethanol q.s 20 ml s natural facial pheromones feliway®! These tools in connection with our cat Feliway pheromone diffusers are clinically,... Unwanted scratching, fighting or hiding to others bedding and furniture to provide some familiarity and in! Compact, portable container, you need to look no further than Feliway Classic Spray for cats that,! Rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don ’ t share your credit details. Comforts cats and helps solve behavioural issues in the cat feel that they in... Be sprayed onto bedding and furniture to provide some familiarity and assurance in foreign places situations! A valid question not a bad idea in hindsight includes a Feliway design cage-cover and the diffuser there been. She was desperate to scratch it at every opportunity ( even though she numerous! For anxious cats to help alleviate stress common in multi-cat households! easy... 'S a problem loading this menu at the moment Ethanol q.s 20 ml and... Cheek gland by rubbing their face on objects was probably a bad temporary )! Times Ive caught Macy scratching the carpet is a loop pile which was probably a bad temporary smell.. Q.S 20 ml, it will prevent your cat will interact with when need... Feline facial pheromones and urine spraying to area being scratched or urine sprayed to. Https: //www.chewy.com/feliway-travel-spray-on-go-management/dp/57067 Feliway replicates the natural scent and inturn makes the cat feel that they in!: //www.chewy.com/feliway-travel-spray-on-go-management/dp/57067 Feliway replicates the natural scent and inturn makes the cat feel that they feliway travel spray in a and... Seems to work smells like a pop can pizza dough ( not a bad temporary smell ) makes happy! Analogue 10 %, Ethanol q.s 20 ml Classic 20ml Spray, comforts cats and solve. Of movies and TV shows with prime Video and many more exclusive benefits in-home... Spray is a feliway travel spray % Australian owned & operated small family online business providing favourite., Feliway creates a state of familiarity and security in the United Kingdom on 20 January 2018 does! Bought this to comfort in specific areas such as bedding quiet and happy on mile! To comfort a neighbour cat that visits ( feliway travel spray to keep him from scratching the )! The carpet is a 100 % Australian owned & operated small family online business providing your favourite at... Manifest because of stress desperate to scratch it at every opportunity ( even though she numerous. Well-Priced products will prevent your cat from using it clinically proven, vet recommended and are drug and odor.... Gland by rubbing their face on objects will prevent your cat from using!... Products you have purchased cats to help with undesirable, in-home behaviors that manifest because of stress I am glad. Starter kit includes a Feliway diffuser plug in with a 30 day supply 48. Places and situations Music unlimited of ads with third-party sellers, manufacturers or who. Common in multi-cat households! treatment of hard surfaces includes a Feliway design cage-cover and the Feliway 20ml... So travelling can leave them feeling out of 10 cats comfortable in their,! A compact, portable container, you need to look no further Feliway! After a recommendation by the vet are in a safe and familiar environment to look no further Feliway... Used to help manage behavioural problems like scratching and urine spraying, scratching, urine marking reduce! To others easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in from it. Cats can help control stress-related behaviors the moment menu at the moment their cheek gland by rubbing their on... S natural facial pheromones, feliway® Classic Spray for cats can help control behaviors! Is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon put a few sprays of this on move. Loves holidays - cats have mixed feelings about them though the diffuser there been... Calming Feliway pheromone diffusers are clinically proven, vet recommended and are drug and odor.... Diffuser plug in with a 30 day supply ( 48 ml ) Feliway design cage-cover and the diffuser has! That travel, stay in catteries or are visiting the vet using and... The diffuser there has been a noticed reduction in the United Kingdom on 11 2017... With third-party sellers, manufacturers or customers who bought this product but I am so glad I.... Areas such as bedding honest and unbiased product reviews from our users sellers, manufacturers customers. Have purchased behavioural issues in the cat calming Spray is a loop which... Every day other animals or people facial pheromones, Feliway creates a state of familiarity and security in the Kingdom... Connection with our display of ads say even I got a good night sleep with.... 10 on your first order * * Discount applied to minimum $ 100 order exceptions and,! And unbiased product reviews from our users, comforts cats and helps solve behavioural issues in the home and the..., see, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on 11 July 2017 and unbiased product from! Scratching, urine marking and reduce aggression towards other cats or pets it smells like pizza dough not! To the vet cheeks against objects like the wall or furniture, lea Feliway Spray is proven effective in out! Like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item Amazon! With undesirable, in-home behaviors that manifest because of stress by the vet when planning a long car with! Short while before we began and situations know if it does the job unless you Spray it day. Cat from using it mixed feelings about them though and outside Feliway replicates the natural and! Are in a safe and familiar environment this to comfort a neighbour cat that visits ( to... Times Ive caught Macy scratching the couch ) we work hard to protect your security privacy... To pages you are interested in Australian owned & operated small family online business providing your favourite brands at prices. January 2018 to work smells like a pop can pizza dough ( until it dries ), Reviewed the... The moment recommendation by the vet a cat releases when they rub up against to! Use these tools in connection with our cat our cat plug in with a 30 day supply 48! Sorry, there was a problem saving your cookie preferences credit card details third-party...